Anisa Fahmi


Motivated by inter-regional disparities condition that occurs persistently, this study examines the Indonesian economy in the long run in order to know whether it tends to converge or diverge. This convergence is based on the Solow Neoclassical growth theory assuming the existence of diminishing returns to capital so that when the developed countries reach steady state conditions, developing countries will continuously grow up to 'catch-up' with developed countries. Based on regional economics perspective, each region can not be treated as a stand-alone unit,therefore, this study also focuses on the influence of spatial dependency and infrastructure. Economical and political situations of a region will influence policy in that region which will also have an impact to the neighboring regions. The estimation results of spatial cross-regressive model using fixed effect method consistently confirmed that the Indonesian economy in the long term will likely converge with a speed of 8.08 percent per year. Other findings are road infrastructure has a positive effect on economic growth and investment and road infrastructure are spatially showed a positive effect on economic growth. In other words, the investment and infrastructure of a region does not only affect the economic growth of that region but also to the economy of the contiguous regions. 


konvergensi; infrastruktur; ketergantungan spasial

Full Text:



Abramovitz, Mosses. (1986). Catching Up, Forging Ahead, and Falling Behind. The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 46, No.2: 385-406.

Anselin. (1999). Spatial Econometrics. Bruton Center, School of Social Sciences. Dallas: University of Texas.

Astuti, Y. (2012). Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Regional: Studi Kasus Analisis Disparitas dan Konvergensi Antar Provinsi di Indonesia 1997-2009. Tesis. FEUI.

Badinger, H. Muller W dan Tondl G. (2004). Regional Convergence in the European Union, 1985-1999: A Spatial Dynamic Panel Analysis. Regional Studies, Vol. 38, Issue 3: 241-253.

Barro, R dan Sala-i-Martin, X. (1992). Convergence. Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 100, No.2: 223-251.

________. (1996). Regional Cohesion: Evidence and Theories of Regional Growth and Convergence. European Economic Review Vol. 40: 1325-1352.

________. (2004). Economic Growth, 2nd edition. England: The MIT Press.

Del Bo, C. Florio, M danManzi, G. (2009). Regional Infrastructure and Convergence: Growth Implications In Spatial Framework. Milan European Economy Workshop, Working Paper No. 34.

Garcia, J danSoelistianingsih, L. (1998). Why Do Differences In Provincial Income Persist In Indonesia. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol. 34 No.1: 95-120.

Griffith, D.A. (2009). Spatial Autocorrelation.

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2009: 308-316.

Kuznets, S. (1995). Economic Growth and Income Inequality. The American Economic Review, Vol. 45, No. 1: 1-28.

Lall, Somik V. (2007). Infrastructure and Regional Growth, Growth Dynamics and Policy Relevance for India. The Annals of Regional ScienceVol. 41, Issue 3: 581-599.

LeSage, James. (1999). The Theory and Practice of Spatial Econometrics. Department of Economics, University of Toledo.

Mankiw, G. (2007). Macroeconomics 6th Edition. New York: Worth Publishers.

Rumayya, (2005). Growth in East Java: Convergence or Divergence?.

Schwab, K. (2011). The Global Competitiveness Report 2011-2012. Geneva: World Economic Forum.

Sodik, Jamzani. (2006). Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Regional: Studi Kasus Analisis Konvergensi antar Propinsi di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Vol. 11, No. 1: 21-32.

Todaro, Michael P dan Smith, Stephen C. (2006).Economic Development, Ninth Edition . United States: Addison Wesley.

Ward MD, Gleditsch KS. (2008). Spatial Regression Models. California: Sage Publication, Inc.

Wibisono, Yusuf. (2005). Sumber-sumber Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Regional: Studi Empiris Antar Propinsi di Indonesia, 1984-2000. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia, Vol. V, No.2 : 91- 120.

Widarjono, A. (2009). Ekonometrika, Pengantar dan Aplikasinya. Yogyakarta: Ekonisia, FEUII.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 INFO ARTHA

Our Journal has been Indexed by:

Creative Commons License

Info Artha by Publishing Unit PKN STAN is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Statistic of Visitors web
analytics View My Stats

Free counters!

Copyright © 2020, Politeknik Keuangan Negara STAN. All Rights Reserved.