• Muchammad Iqbal The University of Adelaide, DG Tax Indonesia




With the frequent imposition of anti-dumping (AD) actions carried out by Indonesia over the past two decades, it is necessary to examine what impact these measures have had on the country’s imports. Empirically, this study examines the effect of AD measures on Indonesian imports using UN Comtrade data at the 6-digit HS codes product level. The evidence presented in this paper shows that AD does have a significant restriction effect on imports from named countries. AD measures succeeded in reducing the import value of the products concerned by about 126% during the period of imposition. In addition, there is no evidence of trade diversion effects to non-named countries. During the first three years of AD measures, the value of imports to non-named countries decreased by around 53%. It is therefore concluded that Indonesia's AD policy has helped to check unwanted imports and therefore may qualify as effective. The empirical model of the study is estimated using the system GMM estimator.

Keywords: Anti-dumping, trade restriction effect, trade diversion effect, system GMM estimator.


Diberlakukannya tindakan anti-dumping (AD) yang dilakukan oleh Indonesia terhadap negara-negara yang melakukan dumping selama dua dekade terakhir, penting untuk memeriksa dampak apa yang telah dihasilkan oleh kebijakan ini terhadap impor dari negara-negara tersebut. Secara empiris, penelitian ini menguji pengaruh langkah-langkah AD terhadap impor Indonesia menggunakan data UN Comtrade pada tingkat produk kode HS 6 digit. Bukti yang disajikan dalam makalah ini menunjukkan bahwa AD memang memiliki pengaruh pembatasan yang signifikan terhadap impor dari negara-negara yang dikenakan bea masuk AD. Langkah-langkah AD berhasil mengurangi nilai impor produk yang bersangkutan sekitar 126% selama periode pengenaan. Selain itu, tidak ada bukti efek pengalihan perdagangan ke negara-negara yang tidak dikenakan bea masuk AD. Selama tiga tahun pertama kebijakan AD, nilai impor ke negara-negara yang tidak dikenakan bea masuk AD menurun sekitar 53%. Oleh karena itu disimpulkan bahwa kebijakan AD Indonesia telah membantu menekan impor yang tidak diinginkan dan karenanya memenuhi syarat sebagai efektif. Model empiris studi ini diestimasi menggunakan penduga sistem GMM.

Kata Kunci: Anti-dumping, efek pembatasan perdagangan, efek pengalihan perdagangan, penduga sistem GMM.


Author Biography

Muchammad Iqbal, The University of Adelaide, DG Tax Indonesia

Directorat General of Taxes



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